Every living thing needs a certain amount of uninterrupted and peaceful sleep to lead a healthy and normal life; as stated in the Irish proverb, “A good laugh and a long sleep are the greatest cures in the doctor’s book.” However, many people struggle with sleep-related conditions that, if not treated promptly, can lead to serious physical, cognitive, interpersonal, and psychological issues.
The term “sleep disorders” refers to a variety of conditions that can interfere with your regular sleeping patterns for one or more reasons. Most of the time, these disorders are categorised depending on their severity, symptoms, and reasons. Thus, here are some common sleep disorders with their symptoms and reasons
The most widely used and recognised term “insomnia” is a sleep disorder in which you have trouble falling or staying asleep. Many people confuse Insomnia with other sleep disorders.
Insomnia can be classified as transient, acute or chronic, depending on how long it lasts.
It can be diagnosed as Insomnia if you have one or more of mentioned symptoms:
There could be several reasons that can cause Insomnia:
Exceeding good habits can help you avoid getting caught in the web of Insomnia
Sleep apnea, or sleep apnoea, is considered one of the most serious sleep disorders where your breathing stops for some time or becomes slower during slumber.
Sleep apnea can be divided into three types: Obstructive, central or complex.
Sleep apnea can be diagnosed by one or more signs mentioned below.
Sleep apnea can occur due to various reasons:
Due to the severity of the diseases, it’s hard to treat them without any professional doctor’s help. However, one can take precautions along with doctor’s treatment to make a speedy recovery, like:
Circadian Rhythm Disorder
Circadian rhythm is the natural cycle that controls our body’s sleep-wake timings daily and regularly repeats after 24 hours. Thus, circadian rhythm disorders are a group of sleep disorders that disrupts our natural cycle, making it difficult to sleep and wake up on time without any glitch.
Circadian rhythm disorders are divided into two groups based on their causes: intrinsic and extrinsic.
Circadian sleeping disorders can be diagnosed with symptoms like:
Several causes can affect your circadian rhythm, creating sleep disorders
Depending on the type of circadian rhythm disorder, you can adopt the following methods:
Narcolepsy, a long-term neurological condition that significantly impacts your sleep-wake cycle, is another severe sleeping disorder. Because of its overlapping symptoms, narcolepsy can be confused for Insomnia, sadness, anxiety, or obstructive sleep apnea.
Narcolepsy can be categorised into two types: type 1, type 2 and secondary narcolepsy.
Narcolepsy, a life-long problem, can show various symptoms in more or less severity without going away completely.
Narcolepsy can be caused due to
Although narcolepsy is a chronic condition, there are steps one may take to manage it, like
REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder
REM or Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) involves abnormal behaviour during REM sleep where individuals face loss of muscle atonia or the loss of paralysis and act out their dreams. REM sleep behaviour disorder can be associated with neurological disorders like Parkinson’s, multiple system atrophy, or Lewy body dementia.
RBD is a type of parasomnia and is distinguished into two categories, namely, idiopathic or symptomatic
Symptoms of REM sleep behaviour disorders can include:
The causes of REM sleep behaviour disorders can be
REM sleep behaviour disorder can be treated by using the following methods:
Apart from these major sleep disorders, many other sleep-related disorders can be seen in individuals due to changed lifestyles or other factors like non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder, restless leg syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, shift work disorder, etc.
Though it can be scary and troublesome to have sleeping disorders, one can maintain a balanced life with proper treatment and precautions.